India’s greatest asset and most serious concern is its young population. Half of its 1.3 billion people are under the age of 25, and a quarter are under 14India must ensure that its progress is inclusive and shared by all parts of society as it experiences rapid and simultaneous economic, demographic, social, and technological change. If India’s youth are unable to participate fully and productively in the economy, the country’s true economic potential would be hindered. For many young Indians, career and education choices are highly influenced by family preferences rather than personal interests. Nearly a quarter of India`s youth, are not enrolled in education, work, or training. The skills gap in India and outdated education curriculum contribute to this tendency, compelling many young people to accept far less than they deserve.
Here are some reasons for the skill gap:
1. The socio-economic dynamics of the country make it easier for the elite and upper-middle-class population to keep their children in education which is not the case for the rest of the struggling population.
2. The percentage of left behind boys is much lower than girls. Boys are offered opportunities for education, economic development, and financial freedom, while girls are confined to their homes. Male children continue to be given priority in India for a variety of reasons.
3. People who dropped out of school as youngsters may be discouraged from returning to education and training due to a lack of a peer network, social hygiene, and information outside of the classroom.
4. Putting people into groups and using job placement as a criterion for success is inefficient. Alternative criteria such as satisfaction, contentment, and ease of re-enrollment in school must be defined and accepted in a credible manner by parents and teachers.
Remedies to compete with the world
Access to career counseling Many Indian youth encounter obstacles in finding attractive and adequate career possibilities. Factors such as disparities in information about occupations and skills are limiting young Indians’ career options. Increased access to career counseling and mentorship services may aid in the resolution of these challenges, say experts.
Competency and skill-based curriculumThe Indian educational system needs reform. Beyond languages, science, and mathematics, we need to broaden our perspectives. The focus should be on the development of professional and life skills that will boost students’ employability.
Involvement of the private sector The private sector should be actively involved in bridging the skill gap and employability of youth. The private sector bemoans a scarcity of personnel who are suitably skilled and marketable. This would ensure that training activities are driven by demand and impart skills that are in line with industry needs.
Business in the classroomThe acute lack of industrial experience is one of the most significant difficulties facing young people who are not in education, job, or training. Learners should be able to prepare for exactly what is expected of them in the job without the added strain of re-enrolment in the educational system.